SMB 2.2 is now SMB 3.0

SMB 2.2 is now SMB 3.0

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We are at an exciting stage of the release.  Beta has been out for some time now and we’ve gotten lots of great feedback.  As we progress towards releasing the next version of Windows, many of the details are getting decided and communicated.  This has been a big week for naming.  On Monday, Brandon LeBlanc announced the official product names for editions of Windows on the Windows Team blog.  During that day’s MMS keynote, Brad Anderson announced the official name for Server:  Windows Server 2012.  In today’s blog the SMB team announces their official name: SMB 3.0.  I don’t think this will come as much of a surprise to anyone.  The team has delivered an amazing amount of innovation in this release.  If you haven’t already downloaded the beta, I think you’ll want to after reading some of the details in this blog.

-Cheers!  Jeffrey

 

Last September at the //Build Conference, we announced SMB 2.2, an update to our Server Message Block protocol used by default for file sharing in Windows. Since then we have actively engaged with the community through various channels and have spoken in detail about all the great work that has gone into the release and why we think this is truly a game changer. Windows Server 2012 provides a vast set of new SMB features with an updated SMB protocol that greatly enhance the reliability, availability, manageability, and performance of file servers. 

Looking back at the amount of changes that have gone into this release – the lines of code written, array of features introduced, new scenarios we have enabled, work we have done with our partners, a minor revision doesn’t do justice the work that has gone in. So moving on, SMB 2.2 is SMB 3.0!

Regular followers of this blog have seen detailed posts on various SMB improvements over the last few months. To summarize, the following are some of the key new functionalities available with Windows Server 2012 SMB 3.0:

  • SMB for Server Applications – Many of the new SMB features are specifically designed for server applications that store the data on file shares—for example, database applications such as Microsoft SQL Server or virtualization software such as Hyper-V. This allows applications to take advantage of advances in storage management, performance, reliability, and cost efficiency that come with SMB to deliver an application storage solution that rivals traditional Fibre Channel storage solutions in features and capabilities, but remains easier to provision and less expensive to implement.
  • Active file sharing with SMB Scale Out – Enables customers to scale share bandwidth by adding cluster nodes, as the maximum share bandwidth is the aggregate bandwidth of all file server nodes and not restricted to the bandwidth of a single cluster node as in previous versions. Scale-out file shares also makes it much easier to manage a file server cluster, as it is no longer necessary to create multiple clustered file servers, each with separate cluster disks, to take advantage of all nodes in a cluster. Further, the administrator can transparently redirect SMB client connections to a different file server cluster node to better balance the cluster load.
  • Scalable, fast, and efficient storage access with SMB Direct – SMB Direct (SMB over Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA)) is a new transport protocol for SMB in Windows Server 2012. It enables direct memory-to-memory data transfers between servers, with minimal CPU utilization and low latency, using standard RDMA-capable network adapters (iWARP, InfiniBand, and RoCE). Any application which accesses files over SMB can transparently benefit from SMB Direct. Minimizing the CPU cost of file I/O means application servers can handle larger compute workloads with the saved CPU cycles (for example, Hyper-V can host more virtual machines).
  • Fast data transfers and network fault tolerance with SMB Multichannel – Given that customers can now store server application data on remote SMB file shares, SMB was enhanced to improve network performance and reliability. SMB Multichannel takes advantage of multiple network interfaces to provide both high performance through bandwidth aggregation, and network fault tolerance through the use of multiple network paths to data on an SMB share.
  • Transparent Failover and node fault tolerance with SMB – Supporting business critical server application workloads requires the connection to the storage back end to be continuously available. The new SMB server and client cooperate to make failover of file server cluster nodes transparent to applications, for all file operations, and for both planned cluster resource moves and unplanned node failures.
  • VSS for SMB file shares – VSS for SMB file shares extends the Windows Volume ShadowCopy Service infrastructure to enable application-consistent shadow copies of server application data stored on SMB file shares, for backup and restore purposes. In addition, VSS for SMB file shares enables backup applications to read the backup data directly from a shadow copy file share rather than involving the application server in the data transfer. Because this feature leverages the existing VSS infrastructure, it is easy to integrate with existing VSS-aware backup software and VSS-aware applications like Hyper-V.
  • Secure data transfer with SMB encryption – SMB Encryption protects data in-flight from eavesdropping and tampering attacks. Deployment is as simple as checking a box,  with no additional setup requirements. This becomes more critical as mobile workers access data in centralized remote locations from unsecured networks. SMB Encryption is beneficial even within a secured corporate network if the data being accessed is sensitive..
  • Faster access to documents over high latency networks with SMB Directory Leasing – SMB Directory Leasing reduces the latency seen by branch office users accessing files over high latency WAN networks. This is accomplished by enabling the client to cache directory and file meta-data in a consistent manner for longer periods, thereby reducing the associated round-trips to fetch the metadata from the server. This results in faster application response times for branch office users
  • SMB Ecosystem – A critical aspect of Windows Server 2012 development is the partnership we have  established with vendors to ship SMB 3.0 capable systems. We have been working closely with several server vendors and open source partners over the past year, by proactively providing extensive protocol documentation and numerous open “plugfest” events provide opportunities for test and feedback. Finally, and most importantly, the SMB ecosystem now reaches all the way to key server applications such as SQL Server and Hyper-V to ensure that SMB 3.0 capabilities are fully leveraged all the way through the stack, and across the multivendor network.


With so many new features, SMB offers a richer set of capabilities that, when combined, provide organizations with a robust high performance storage alternative to traditional Fibre Channel storage solutions at a much more affordable cost point from both an acquisition and operational perspective.

For additional reading materials related to SMB, there is a ton of content on TechNet:

- Windows Server “8” Beta SMB Overview
High-Performance, Continuously Available File Share Storage for Server Applications Technical Preview
Deploying Fast and Efficient File Servers for Server Applications
Building Your Cloud Infrastructure: Converged Data Center with File Server Storage

Jose Barreto and Claus Joergensen, Program Managers in the SMB team, have written a great blog on taking server application storage to Windows file shares. It’s a great read and is highly recommended.

We are really excited about Windows Server 2012 and can’t wait for you to start using the product. We definitely hope you have as much fun using the product as we had building it. In the meantime, as you know, the Beta has been out for a while now and we would love for you to use it and let us know what you think.

SMB 3.0 Team.

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  • <p>Are their plans to publish a patch or SP to enable this on Windows 7? &nbsp;Lots of people are going to miss the benefit if that isn&#39;t the case as the adoption of Windows 8 is going to take a few years. &nbsp;I have SA so I plan to adopt Server 2012 fairly soon; despite the terrible UI, mainly for deduplication.</p>

  • <p>From Siddhartha Roy, Jose Barreto and the File and Storage team:</p> <p>Thank you for the question. We are not planning to support SMB 3.0 client in Windows 7 (or earlier versions). We are not planning to support SMB 3.0 server on Windows Server 2008 R2 (or earlier versions). The changes to support SMB 3.0 are extensive, &nbsp;both on the &nbsp;SMB Server and SMB Client side. </p> <p>For any previous versions of Windows, we will negotiate the highest level of the SMB protocol they implement. For Windows 7 client, that will be SMB 2.1. You can get the details in this blog post: blogs.technet.com/.../what-version-of-smb2-am-i-using-on-my-windows-file-server.aspx </p> <p>Thanks,</p> <p>Kevin Beares</p> <p>Senior Community Lead, Windows Server</p>

  • <p>Understood, but that is unfortunate.</p>

  • <p>Will Microsoft be making the SMB 3.0 API available to Linux developers to ensure good interoperability for CIFS mounts?</p>

  • <p>mkruger:</p> <p>Yes, we have published the full preview protocol specification for SMB 3.0 and it’s available at</p> <p><a rel="nofollow" target="_new" href="http://download.microsoft.com/download/C/6/C/C6C3C6F1-E84A-44EF-82A9-49BD3AAD8F58/">download.microsoft.com/.../C6C3C6F1-E84A-44EF-82A9-49BD3AAD8F58</a>[MS-SMB2-Preview-Windows8].pdf</p> <p>The Samba community is actively working on SMB 3.0 and a detailed discussion at SambaXP is going on this week. Microsoft is participating, as we do regularly. The team’s status, and the conference agenda are here:</p> <p><a rel="nofollow" target="_new" href="https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba3/SMB2">wiki.samba.org/.../SMB2</a></p> <p><a rel="nofollow" target="_new" href="http://sambaxp.org/index.php?id=78">sambaxp.org/index.php</a></p> <p>Samba is one of many partners in the SMB Ecosystem (as mentioned in the blog). We are very excited to see this significant progress by the Samba team and are working closely with them to ensure their success</p>

  • <p>When will you post the details of how SMB encryption works? &nbsp;Is the key derived from diffie-hellman or from the authentication protocol? &nbsp;Can we choose the cipher and key size? &nbsp;What about compatibility with EFS, can we do raw EFS transfer without having to make our EFS private keys available to the target server? &nbsp;Thanks!</p>