Hyper-V WMI Using PowerShell Scripts – Part 2

Hyper-V WMI Using PowerShell Scripts – Part 2

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In part 1 we went over some basic scripts and tools for gathering information about running virtual machines.  In part 2 I am going to cover two things, first basic VHD creation and second determining if Hyper-V WMI methods are succeeding or failing and what the error message is.

PowerShellPlus

Last time I showed the PowerShell 2.0CTP which includes the Graphical PowerShell interface… Those of you that plan to do a lot PowerShell development might want to check out PowerShellPlus (http://www.powershell.com/index.html).  It’s a $79 investment if you are using it for commercial use, but there is a 30 day trial – 1 day down and so far I think it’s worth $79…  As you can see from the screen capture below the editor offers auto-complete as well as a pretty good debugger.

PowerShellPlus

Creating a VHD Using PowerShell WMI

Creating a VHD using the Hyper-V WMI is pretty easy… And once again PowerShell makes it even easier… 

The first command retrieves a WMI object for Msvm_ImageManagmentService

The second command executes the CreateDynamicVirtualHardDisk method to create a new dynamic VHD.  PowerShell is smart enough to know that 20GB = 20 * 1073741824... That’s so COOL!.

PS D:\> $VHDService = get-wmiobject -class "Msvm_ImageManagementService" -namespace "root\virtualization"
PS D:\> $VHDService.CreateDynamicVirtualHardDisk("D:\vhds\TestVhd1.vhd", 20GB)

__GENUS          : 2
__CLASS          : __PARAMETERS
__SUPERCLASS     :
__DYNASTY        : __PARAMETERS
__RELPATH        :
__PROPERTY_COUNT : 2
__DERIVATION     : {}
__SERVER         :
__NAMESPACE      :
__PATH           :
Job              : \\TAYLORB-DP490\root\virtualization:Msvm_StorageJob.InstanceID='Microsoft:Msvm_{B5A1A0EC-6A86-4CB0-AF7A-B336CBA2DCFF}'
ReturnValue      : 4096

Finding Out If Your VHD Creation Succeeded Or Not…

Let’s say you actually want to know if the VHD was created successfully or not (crazy I know…).  Well normally you would just check ReturnValue, but what the heck does 4096 mean?  4096 means that the method is executing asynchronously (in the background) and you need to check it’s Job object to see when it’s finished and if it was successful…

As you can see from the ErrorDescription below my job actually failed since I didn’t delete the VHD between the first and second sample…  Most of the Hyper-V WMI uses these Job objects so this is a pretty handy bit of code to know…

Again the first command just retrieves a WMI object for Msvm_ImageManagmentService.

The second command is mostly the same except for three key parts, first you can see it stores the return object in $Job but the real magic is the [WMI] before the $VHDSer…  What’s happening is your telling PowerShell to make you a PowerShell WMI object for the Job path stored in the Job field. Look at the output from the sample above the Job field is a path to a WMI job object...

The third command is just showing the output of the $Job… You could do $Job.ErrorDesciption if you wanted to just get the ErrorDescription..

PS D:\> $VHDService = get-wmiobject -class "Msvm_ImageManagementService" -namespace "root\virtualization"
PS D:\> $Job = [WMI]$VHDService.CreateDynamicVirtualHardDisk("D:\Users\Public\Documents\Hyper-V\Virtual hard disks\TestVhd1.vhd", 20GB).Job
PS D:\> $Job

__GENUS                 : 2
__CLASS                 : Msvm_StorageJob
__SUPERCLASS            : CIM_ConcreteJob
__DYNASTY               : CIM_ManagedElement
__RELPATH               : Msvm_StorageJob.InstanceID="Microsoft:Msvm_{22FE6994-4CD8-4D06-9F3D-906A23A4BB09}"
__PROPERTY_COUNT        : 43
__DERIVATION            : {CIM_ConcreteJob, CIM_Job, CIM_LogicalElement, CIM_ManagedSystemElement...}
__SERVER                : TAYLORB-DP490
__NAMESPACE             : root\virtualization
__PATH                  : \\TAYLORB-DP490\root\virtualization:Msvm_StorageJob.InstanceID="Microsoft:Msvm_{22FE6994-4CD8-4D06-9F3D-906A23A4B
                          B09}"
Caption                 : Storage Job
Child                   :
DeleteOnCompletion      : True
Description             : Disk Creation Job.
ElapsedTime             : 00000000000000.000000:000
ElementName             : Storage Job
ErrorCode               : 32768
ErrorDescription        : The system failed to create 'D:\Users\Public\Documents\Hyper-V\Virtual hard disks\TestVhd1.vhd' with error 'The f
                          ile exists..' (0x80070050)
ErrorSummaryDescription :
HealthState             : 5
InstallDate             : 00000000000000.000000+000
InstanceID              : Microsoft:Msvm_{22FE6994-4CD8-4D06-9F3D-906A23A4BB09}
JobCompletionStatusCode : 2147942480
JobRunTimes             : 1
JobState                : 10
JobStatus               : Error
LocalOrUtcTime          : 2
Lun                     : 0
Name                    : Msvm_StorageJob
Notify                  :
OperationalStatus       : {2}
OtherRecoveryAction     :
Owner                   :
Parent                  :
PathId                  : 0
PercentComplete         : 0
PortNumber              : 0
Priority                : 0
RecoveryAction          : 3
RunDay                  :
RunDayOfWeek            :
RunMonth                :
RunStartInterval        :
ScheduledStartTime      :
StartTime               :
Status                  : Error
StatusDescriptions      : {Error}
TargetId                : 0
TimeBeforeRemoval       : 00000000000000.000000:000
TimeOfLastStateChange   : 00000000000000.000000+000
TimeSubmitted           :
Type                    : 1
UntilTime               :

 

Well I think that's going to have to do it for tonight… Stay tuned I have A LOT more to show. 

If you prefer the examples in this format tell me, if you prefer the format from yesterday tell me, if you want a different format altogether tell me…

-Good Night and Good Weekend
-Taylor Brown

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  • Hi Taylor,

    Thanks for sharing the tip on PowerShell Plus.

    This is great!

    And thanks for the examples!

    As an FYI, you can also take a look at some examples I wrote in my blog:

    http://dungkhoang.spaces.live.com/

    /Dung

  • Taylor Brown na blogu Windows Virtualization Team opublikował już trzecią część artykułu "Hyper-V WMI

  • Taylor Brown del team di sviluppo di Hyper-V ha fatto 4 post abbastanza interessanti e introduttivi sull'uso