Security Research & Defense
Information from Microsoft about vulnerabilities, mitigations and workarounds, active attacks, security research, tools and guidance
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Security Research & Defense
Vulnerabilities in DNS Server Could Allow Remote Code Execution
Today we released MS11-058 to address two vulnerabilities in the Microsoft DNS Service. One of the two issues, CVE-2011-1966, could potentially allow an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability to run arbitrary code on Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2 DNS servers having a particular...
9 Aug 2011
MS10-065: Exploitability of the IIS FastCGI request header vulnerability
This month, Microsoft released an update for IIS that addresses three vulnerabilities. The blog post focuses on one of these: the Request Header Buffer Overflow Vulnerability (CVE-2010-2730), which affects IIS version 7.5 and has a maximum security impact of Remote Code Execution (RCE). Below we provide...
14 Sep 2010
MS09-048: TCP/IP vulnerabilities
This month we released MS09-048 which addresses three vulnerabilities in the Windows TCP/IP stack. One of the vulnerabilities, CVE-2009-1925, is rated Critical due to the risk of Remote Code Execution (RCE). The other two vulnerabilities are Denial of Service (DoS) issues (due to memory exhaustion) without...
8 Sep 2009
Assessing the risk of the August security updates
Today we released 13 security bulletins . Two have a maximum severity rating of Critical, nine have a maximum severity rating of Important, and two have a maximum severity rating of Moderate. We hope that the table below helps you prioritize the deployment of the updates appropriately for your environment...
9 Aug 2011
More information about the December 2011 ASP.Net vulnerability
Today, we released Security Advisory 2659883 alerting customers to a newly disclosed denial-of-service vulnerability affecting several vendors’ web application platforms, including Microsoft’s ASP.NET. This blog post will cover the following: Impact of the vulnerability How to know...
28 Dec 2011
MS12-083: Addressing a missing certificate revocation check in IP-HTTPS
MS12-083 is being released to address a Security Feature Bypass, a class of vulnerability for which we do not frequently release security updates. This is the third such instance, with MS12-001 and MS12-032 previously having addressed Security Feature bypasses. The security feature being bypassed in...
11 Dec 2012
Extended Protection for Authentication
This month, Microsoft is releasing several non-security updates that implement Extended Protection for Authentication as a mechanism to help safeguard authentication credentials on the Windows platform. These new updates are not security bulletins, but non-security updates that allow web clients using...
8 Dec 2009
Details on the New TLS Advisory
Security Advisory 977377: Vulnerability in TLS Could Allow Spoofing In August of 2009, researchers at PhoneFactor discovered a vulnerability in the Transport Layer Security (TLS) and Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocols. As the issue is present in the actual TLS/SSL-standard, not only our implementation...
9 Feb 2010
Weaknesses in MS-CHAPv2 authentication
MS-CHAP is the Microsoft version of the Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol and is described in RFC2759. A recent presentation by Moxie Marlinspike  has revealed a breakthrough which reduces the security of MS-CHAPv2 to a single DES encryption (2^56) regardless of the password length. Today...
20 Aug 2012
MS10-006 and MS10-012: SMB security bulletins
Today we released two bulletins to address vulnerabilities in SMB. MS10-006 addresses two vulnerabilities in the SMBv1 client implementation, and MS10-012 addresses four vulnerabilities in the SMB server implementation. In this blog entry, we want to help you understand the vulnerabilities and better...
9 Feb 2010
MS10-030: Malicious Mail server vulnerability
Today we released the fix for CVE-2010-0816 in MS10-030 . This vulnerability affects Outlook Express, Windows Mail, and Windows Live Mail. We recommend that you install the update as soon as possible, but realize that some customers may need to prioritize which updates they install first. While the vulnerability...
11 May 2010
MS09-050: Exploit timeline for the SMB2 RCE vulnerability
This month we are releasing update MS09-050 to address the SMBv2 RCE vulnerability (CVE-2009-3103). Due to the fact that public exploit code exists for this vulnerability, we felt it would be good to summarize the exploit landscape at the time of release, so customers can use this information to prioritize...
12 Oct 2009
Is SSL broken? – More about Security Bulletin MS12-006 (previously known as Security Advisory 2588513)
On January 10 th , Microsoft released MS12-006 in response to a new vulnerability discovered in September in SSL 3.0 and TLS 1.0 . Here we would like to give further information about the technique used to exploit this vulnerability and workaround options Microsoft has released if you discover a compatibility...
26 Sep 2011
MS08-036: PGM? What is PGM?
This morning we released MS08-036 to fix two denial-of-service vulnerabilities in the Windows implementation of the Pragmatic General Multicast (PGM) protocol ( RFC 3208 ). You probably have never heard of PGM. Only one engineer on our team had ever heard of it and he previously worked as a tester on...
10 Jun 2008
MS09-019 (CVE-2009-1140): Benefits of IE Protected Mode, additional Network Protocol Lockdown workaround
Benefits of IE Protected Mode One of the vulnerabilities addressed in MS09-019 , CVE-2009-1140, involves navigating to a local file via a UNC path, ex: \\127.0.0.1\c$. This roundabout way of navigating to a file is necessary to execute local content such that it runs in the Internet Explorer Internet...
9 Jun 2009
Notes on exploitability of the recent Windows BROWSER protocol issue
Earlier this week a PoC exploit for a vulnerability in the BROWSER protocol was released on Full Disclosure. There has been some discussion regarding whether this issue can result in Remote Code Execution (RCE) or is only a Denial of Service (DoS). This blog post provides details on the exploitability...
16 Feb 2011
MS08-068: SMB credential reflection defense
Today Microsoft released a security update, MS08-068 , which addresses an NTLM reflection vulnerability in the SMB protocol. The vulnerability is rated Important on most operating systems, except Vista and Windows Server 2008 where it has a rating of Moderate. This blog post is intended to explain why...
11 Nov 2008
MS12-074: Addressing a vulnerability in WPAD’s PAC file handling
Today we released MS12-074 , addressing a Critical class vulnerability in the .NET Framework that could potentially allow remote code execution with no user interaction. This particular CVE, CVE-2012-4776, could allow an attacker on a local network to host a malicious WPAD PAC file containing script...
13 Nov 2012
MS10-054: Exploitability Details for the SMB Server Update
This month Microsoft released an update for Windows to address three vulnerabilities in the SMB Server component. Two of the vulnerabilities are remote denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, while one (CVE-2010-2550) has the potential for remote code execution (RCE). This blog post provides more details on...
10 Aug 2010
MS13-018: Hard to let go
MS13-018 addresses a potential denial-of-service condition in the Windows TCP/IP stack. This vulnerability could be leveraged by an attacker in certain circumstances to exhaust a server’s non paged pool, preventing it from making new TCP connections. The vulnerability is as follows: A Windows...
12 Feb 2013
MS09-026: How a developer can know if their RPC interface is affected
Today we are releasing MS09-026 which fixes a vulnerability in the Microsoft Windows RPC (Remote Procedure Call) NDR20 marshalling engine. This component is responsible for preparing data to be sent over the network and then translating it back to what the server or client application uses. NDR20 is...
9 Jun 2009
MS12-054: Not all remote, pre-auth vulnerabilities are equally appetizing for worms..
We released security update MS12-054 to address four privately reported issues in Windows networking components failing to properly handle malformed Remote Administration Protocol (RAP) responses. The most severe of these issues, CVE-2012-1851, is a format string vulnerability in the printer spooler...
14 Aug 2012
MS10-020: SMB Client Update
Today Microsoft released MS10-020 , which addresses several vulnerabilities in the Windows SMB client. This blog post provides additional details to help prioritize installation of the update, and understand the attack vectors and mitigations that apply. Client-side vulnerabilities The first thing...
12 Apr 2010
MS08-037 : More entropy for the DNS resolver
We released security bulletin MS08-020 two months ago to improve the DNS transaction ID entropy. You can read more about the MS08-020 algorithm change in this blog entry . Increasing the entropy makes it more difficult for attackers to spoof DNS replies. Today, we released MS08-037 to further increase...
8 Jul 2008
MS09-013 and MS09-014: NTLM Credential Reflection Updates for HTTP clients
This month we are taking another step towards blocking NTLM reflection attacks by releasing MS09-014 for Internet Explorer and MS09-013 for Windows. This is the third update related to NTLM credential reflection we have released, and I thought it would be good to go into a bit more detail on why this...
14 Apr 2009
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