Complementing the Technical Diagrams for deploying Office 2010 post, here are the technical diagrams for SharePoint 2010. As I am a visual person, I find these to be more helpful than the written documentation at understanding key SharePoint concepts (I tend to use the written documentation if I need detailed step-by-step or clarification on a particular point).
As before, all diagrams are available in Visio, PDF, and XPS format:
SharePoint 2010 Products Deployment
Presents such deployment-related information as the different deployment stages and environments, plus a flowchart that illustrates the steps for installing and configuring SharePoint 2010 Products.
Services in SharePoint 2010 Products
Describes and illustrates the services architecture, including and common ways to deploy services in your overall solution design.
Cross-farm Services in SharePoint 2010 Products
Illustrates how to deploy services across farms to provide centralized administration of services.
Topologies for SharePoint Server 2010
Describes common ways to build and scale farm topologies, including planning which servers to start services on.
Extranet Topologies for SharePoint 2010 Products
Illustrates the specific extranet topologies that have been tested with SharePoint 2010 Products. Provides a comparison of ISA Server, Forefront TMG, Forefront UAG when used as a firewall or gateway product with SharePoint 2010 Products.
Hosting Environments in SharePoint 2010 Products
Summarizes the support for hosting environments and illustrates common hosting architectures.
Search Technologies for SharePoint 2010 Products
Compares and contrasts the search technologies that work with SharePoint Products 2010:
Search Environment Planning for Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010
Walks through primary architecture design decisions for search environments.
Search Architectures for Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010
Details the physical and logical architecture components that make up a search system and illustrates common search architectures.
Design Search Architectures for Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010
Walks through the initial design steps to determine a basic design for a SharePoint Server 2010 search architecture.
Business Connectivity Services Model
Microsoft Business Connectivity Services are a set of services and features in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 and Microsoft SharePoint Foundation 2010 that support integrating data from external systems into solutions based on Microsoft SharePoint Server and Microsoft SharePoint Foundation. This model poster describes the architecture of Microsoft Business Connectivity Services in SharePoint Server 2010 and provides information about how to create solutions that are based on the service.
Use this model with the following article: Business Connectivity Services overview (SharePoint Server 2010)
Content Deployment in SharePoint Server 2010
Describes the content deployment feature in SharePoint Server 2010. It includes information about the following:
Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 Upgrade Planning
Covers planning for an upgrade from Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 to SharePoint Server 2010. It includes information about the following:
Use this model with the following article: Upgrading to SharePoint Server 2010
Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 Upgrade Approaches
Helps you understand the in-place, database attach, and hybrid approaches to upgrading from Office SharePoint Server 2007 to SharePoint Server 2010.
Use this model with the following articles:
Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 — Test Your Upgrade Process
Explains the methodology for testing the upgrade process before upgrading from Office SharePoint Server 2007 to SharePoint Server 2010.
Use this model with the following article: Use a trial upgrade to find potential issues (SharePoint Server 2010)
Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 — Services Upgrade
Covers upgrading services from Office SharePoint Server 2007 to SharePoint Server 2010.
Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 — Upgrading Parent and Child Farms
Covers the process for and considerations to keep in mind when you upgrade farms that share services (parent and child farms).
Getting started with business intelligence in SharePoint Server 2010
Covers an overview of business intelligence in SharePoint Server and provides you with the following information.
Databases That Support SharePoint 2010 Products
Describes the Microsoft SQL Server databases on which SharePoint Server 2010 runs.
SharePoint 2010 Products: Virtualization Process
Provides guidance related to virtualization and the various stages of deployment, as well as requirements and examples.
Technical Diagrams for SharePoint 2010