With the recent release of SQL 2012 earlier this month, I confirm that Project Server 2010 supports SQL 2012 (as with SharePoint 2010) and hence we have updated our TechNet product documentation last week: Hardware and software requirements (Project Server 2010). (Link updated 1/3/2013)
There are lots of benefits with this latest version of SQL and I highly encourage you to learn about its news features and scenarios.
<p>Your linked documentation goes to the Requirements for Project Server 2013 instead of 2010.</p>
<p>The 2010 documentation still does not mention SQL 2012.</p>
<p><a rel="nofollow" target="_new" href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee683978(office.14)">technet.microsoft.com/.../ee683978(office.14)</a></p>
<p>Thanks for your comment and I have updated the link. The 2010 article does however mention SQL 2012 and the need for SP1 on Project Server, so not sure what you think is missing.</p>