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With the recent release of Azure Infrastructure Services we anticipate that a lot of you interested in the Microsoft cloud will be curious about the possibility of moving current on premises workloads to the Azure IaaS offering. There are a lot of good reasons to do this, such as potential cost savings and reduction of management overhead for the physical hardware. We anticipate the in the next few years that most enterprise IT organizations are going to be in hybrid mode, where on premises datacenters or private clouds will connect to resources in a public cloud.
However, before you begin to move applications into the Azure Infrastructure Services cloud, you might want to get some insight about network performance and your application’s network performance requirements. One helpful tool that you can use it NTttcp, which is a multithreaded, asynchronous application that sends and receives data between two or more endpoints and reports the network performance for the duration of the transfer. It is essentially a Winsock-based port of the ttcp tool that measures networking performance in terms of bytes transferred per second and CPU cycles per byte. Because it can be difficult to diagnose a system's overall performance without dividing the system into smaller subsystems, NTttcp allows users to narrow the focus of their testing and investigation to just the networking subsystem.
In this article, Josh Adams shares will you information about the new, recently released version of NTttcp, version 5.28 – available to the public! Enjoy –Tom.
Leveraged extensively by both external customers and Microsoft Product Groups alike to profile and measure Windows networking performance, updated versions of NTttcp (a Winsock-based port of BSD’s TTCP tool) have remained 'internal-only' for the past five years (the last public version, v3.0, was released in 2008). That is, of course, until now!
Download: NTttcp v5.28
I’m excited to announce that the latest version of NTttcp is now also publicly available, posted on TechNet Gallery bundled with an updated EULA. This latest version (v5.28) brings forth both performance improvements and feature enhancements including:
Overall, the basic program workflow follows the previously released public version (v3.0), with the most notable exception related to the setup of the sender and receiver. Rather than needing to rename the program based on function, parameters enable the selected functionality: '-s' for the sender and '-r' for the receiver.
For example, to measure the network performance between two multi-core serves running Windows Server 2012, NODE1 (192.168.0.1) and NODE2 (192.168.0.2), connected via a 10GigE connection, on NODE1 (the sender), run:
ntttcp.exe -s -m 8,*,192.168.0.2 -l 128k -a 2 -t 15
(Translation: Run ntttcp.exe as a sender, with eight threads dynamically allocated across all cores targeting 192.168.0.2, allocating a 128K buffer length and operating in asynchronous mode with 2 posted send overlapped buffers per thread for 15 seconds.)
And on NODE2 (the receiver), run:
ntttcp.exe -r -m 8,*,192.168.0.2 -rb 2M -a 16 -t 15
(Translation: Run ntttcp.exe as a receiver, with eight threads dynamically allocated across all cores listening on 192.168.0.2, allocating 64KB buffers [since -l is not specified], a 2MB SO_RCVBUF Winsock buffer and operating in asynchronous mode with 16 posted receive overlapped buffers per thread for 15 seconds.)
Using the above parameters, the program returns results on both the sender and receiver nodes, correlating network communication to CPU utilization. Example sender-side output from a given run (which showcases a fully saturated 10GigE connection at 1131.4 MB/s):
D:\>NTttcp.exe -s -m 8,*,192.168.0.2 -l 128k -a 2 -t 15 Copyright Version 5.28 Network activity progressing...
Thread Time(s) Throughput(KB/s) Avg B / Compl ====== ======= ================ ============= 0 30.016 77074.627 131072.000 1 30.016 231692.964 131072.000 2 30.016 115782.516 131072.000 3 30.016 231496.802 131072.000 4 30.016 116072.495 131072.000 5 30.016 77155.650 131072.000 6 30.016 231611.940 131072.000 7 30.016 77633.262 131072.000
##### Totals: #####
Bytes(MEG) realtime(s) Avg Frame Size Throughput(MB/s) ================ =========== ============== ================ 33959.125000 30.016 1456.355 1131.367
Throughput(Buffers/s) Cycles/Byte Buffers ===================== =========== ============= 9050.939 2.453 271673.000
DPCs(count/s) Pkts(num/DPC) Intr(count/s) Pkts(num/intr) ============= ============= =============== ============== 40284.215 1.228 51434.235 0.962
Packets Sent Packets Received Retransmits Errors Avg. CPU % ============ ================ =========== ====== ========== 24450576 1485400 0 0 4.559
And here is a Task Manager screenshot profiling the run:
Note that in keeping to the theme of making this latest version’s operation more robust, dynamic and streamlined, the following options are no longer available and/or replaced with new functionality:
-x [PacketArray size] -i Infinite Loop -f <File Name> -fr Full buffers posted on reads -mb Multiple buffer post mode
For more information about specific parameters and options, please reference the documentation included with the previous version and/or run the tool without arguments to display all supported options. And stay tuned for future blog posts detailing the expanded functionality and additional use cases available with this latest version.
Download NTttcp v5.28 today!
Josh Adams Senior Program Manager Windows Server & System Center
Tom Shinder email@example.com Principal Knowledge Engineer, SCD iX Solutions Group Follow me on Twitter: http://twitter.com/tshinder Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/tshinder
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Looks like a very helpful tool to validate network performance. Thank you!
You get! Enjoy!
It would be nice to control port range that is used. It seems like it starts from the port number supplied via -p and adds 1000 to create listeners.
Whatever happened to the documentation for NTttcp? The old version included a pretty decent whitepaper that explained what all of those opaque command-line switches do, but for reasons I can't begin to fathom, this was left out of the new version. Now
that the old version is no longer available (its link merely redirects to the new version's download page), this documentation has been shoved down the memory hole, and the tool is a lot less useful than it once was.