SharePoint 2010 Management Shell - .Net 4.0 runtime version error

SharePoint 2010 Management Shell - .Net 4.0 runtime version error

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Written by Tamer Maher El-Sharkawy, Premier Field Engineer


When you launch a SharePoint 2010 Management Shell you might receive one or both of the following errors:

  • “Microsoft SharePoint is not supported with version 4.0.30319 of the Microsoft .Net runtime”
  • “The local farm is not accessible. cmdlets with feature dependency are not registered.”

This could happen because the PowerShell version used by the shell isn’t the correct one.


At the command prompt run the following commands:

PS C:\ > $ver=$host | select version

PS C:\ > $ver.Version

Major  Minor  Build  Revision

-----  -----  -----  --------

3      0      -1     -1

If the version indicated is not “2”, the shell is indeed trying to execute with an unsupported runtime, and you get the error above.


First, try Import System Modules as shown:


If that does not resolve the issue, you can navigate to the Sharepoint Management Shell shortcut properties then add "-version 2" to the string in the Target field. Example:

C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\PowerShell.exe –version 2 -NoExit" & ' C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\CONFIG\POWERSHELL\Registration\\sharepoint.ps1 ' "


Tamer Maher, MCP, MCTS, MCITP

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  • Very good content.

  • I am trying to find the "Import System Modules" is that something that I should download / have?

  • The example shortcut above does not work. The -Version 2 needs to be before -NoExit.

    Working shortcut is.

    C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\PowerShell.exe -Version 2 -NoExit " & ' C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\CONFIG\POWERSHELL\Registration\\sharepoint.ps1 ' "

  • Thank you Kent.  This syntax fixed my problem.  I am still not sure why it broke all the sudden.  I have been using sharePoint 2010 Management Shell several months without a problem.  All of the sudden it stopped working.  Wonder if it was due to updates.  Anyway,  all fixed.

  • Does NOT work for many processes that automatically use PowerShell like a scheduled task or PowerPivot with SSRS.

  • I am actually getting an error launching the SharePoint Management Shell  for SP2013 on a Windows Server 2012.

    select : The term 'Select-Object' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet,

    function, script file, or operable program. Check the spelling of the name, or

    if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.

    At C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server

    Extensions\15\CONFIG\POWERSHELL\Registration\SharePoint.ps1:1 char:16

    + $ver = $host | select version

    +                ~~~~~~

       + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (Select-Object:String) [], Comma


       + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException

    Any ideas?

    Thanks in advanced!

  • I tried this and the powershell starts then exits

  • thanks, man!!!

  • Thanks a lot

  • @Lou - did you find a solution for Select issue ?

  • Hi Leu,

    I fixed the 'select-object' problem in the following way. Hope it helps...

    I found $env:psmodulepath as C:\Users\user_name\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules;;C:\Program Files\AppFabric 1.1 for Windows Server\PowershellModules;C:\Program Files\AppFabric 1.1 for Windows Server\PowershellModules

    As you can notice that AppFabric module path has repeated itself. I guess AppFabric has messed up with the psmodulepath while it got installed. So, I modified the PSModulePath variable under registry (at HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment) to include


    After this change, I am able to execute select & other basic cmdlets.

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