Off Campus

Michael Greene

Off Campus

  • Configuring iSCSI MPIO on Windows Server 2008 R2 (full)

    We have recently gone through the process of wiping out our lab and rebuilding from scratch on Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise. During this process, I recorded the steps I used to configure MPIO with the iSCSI initiator in R2. Just to make life more...
  • NTFS permissions for Redirected Folders (or Home Directories)

    Last week a windows admin asked if I knew what the permissions should be for the root level share of home directories or redirected folders.  It has been a few years since I looked this up and I wanted to be certain I had all necessary ACLs, so I...
  • Use ImageX without installing WAIK

    I've heard a few people actually say ImageX.exe is included with Vista. That's not technically accurate. ImageX is most certainly a value add to Vista but it is packaged separately in a download called "WAIK" or Windows Automated Installation Kit . So...
  • How to use the Snipping Tool to capture context menus

    I use this almost every day. If you read my blog you'll notice I love screenshots and I always have a green border around them. That comes from a setting I have applied to the Vista Snipping Tool. Initially I was capturing good stuff but was frustrated...
  • Edit the registry on a mounted WIM

    This is an incredibly valuable task. Windows Vista employs "Image Based Setup", meaning their is no more i386 folder. Instead, Windows now comes on the DVD as an image that is copied and expanded during setup. An admin can capture a custom .WIM windows...
  • Troubleshooting KMS Activation - Part 1, the client

    Windows activation is simple and straightforward if you understand the components. I have had a few customers that stumbled when getting a KMS online and in every case it has been an issue with name resolution, network connectivity, or they simply did not understand how to use the keys. Activation is designed to help you with deployments and sustain your environment even in the event a key gets lost. KMS is the simplest of all the activation methods because you only need to worry about putting a key in one machine. You can then deploy new machines without having to ever worry about keys unless your device will be off the network for more than 6 months. This is the first of a two part series to break down KMS troubleshooting in to a process that should help identify exactly what is at fault. I don't want to mislead or instill fear to those who are just starting out - the process is normally simple by design. However, for those who have run in to trouble, I'd like to publish a guide that will help you isolate and correct the issue you've encountered without spinning your wheels. Part 2 will be published next week with a focus on troubleshooting the server. Part 1, Troubleshooting The Client Let's assume you are a consultant from outside the organization and you know nothing about the environment, server or workstation. The first thing you'll want to do is understand how the client was built. It is possible the machine is retail or OEM, and neither of those use KMS for activation. Any of the "Home" versions, Basic, Premium, or Ultimate, are retail builds and do not use volume licensing methods at this time. This is no change from XP, Media Center and Home were not capable of using the VLK. If you are using the OEM media such as a recovery DVD you would see the machine come online "pre-activated". This is a result of a marker in the BIOS that corresponds with the OEM media. Note: if this marker is not present, such as the case of "naked" OEM workstations, then KMS is not an option for activation. So we are assuming the machine was built using volume media and is capable of being a KMS client. You can test this to be sure by running a the command line and looking for the Name and Description. Right click on the command line icon on the start menu and select "Run As Administrator". Then type - c:\windows\system32\cscript slmgr.vbs -dlv My machine returned this output, I replaced any sensitive data with <>:
  • Uninstall applications from Server Core

    There is no add/remove programs or programs and features dialogue, so how do you remove applications? Start by opening regedit and expanding to the section where all applications should publish their installation data ( according to the Windows Application...
  • Wake On LAN (WOL) – PowerShell style

    Working on another project and I needed a way to wake up an offline server from within my PS script.  I found this genius blog post and converted it to a script. Genius blog post - The PowerShell Guy : PowerShell Wake-on-lan script I saved the below...
  • How to create a bootable Vista DVD with your own custom WIM

    and securely embed your MAK! I've had several requests to document this since I posted the how-to on embedding your MAK in a custom WIM for departmental usage. The next logical step is to create your own DVD using this image. So if you haven't read my first article on this topic, now would be the time to go back and do so. (read more)
  • Why is there a 32-bit Windows Server 2008 option "without Hyper-V"?

    A few questions have come up as to why when you go out to download Windows Server 2008 there is a "without Hyper-V" option.  Further, if Hyper-V is only offered on the 64-bit version, why is there a "without Hyper-V" option for...
  • Arrange your Outlook To-Do bar, Franklin-Covey style

    Quick tip - I've been a Franklin-Covey user for many years now. I might not have survived college without it faithfully by my side. I learned through their training to use the priority method of assigning things based on have to, need to, want to, or...
  • What is the simplest command line to dcpromo *down* a Server Core machine?

    In my test environment I just discovered an issue and need to remove the Domain Controller role from one of my Hyper-V hosts which happens to be running Server Core.  This brought a question to mind, if I want to demote a DC running Core, what is...
  • Hyper-V snapshots are for rollback, not backup/recovery

    I try to hit on this point in every Hyper-V presentation.  Snapshots are GREAT for maintenance and roll-back, but they are very, VERY different than what you might be currently using as “snap-mirrors” on your SAN environment.  The similarities...
  • Hyper-V Remote Management – resolving the "Access Denied”

    Got this question twice this week so I’d say it is blog worthy.  How to configure a Hyper-V server to be remotely managed (manage stand alone server or across domains).  You might also consider reviewing the ACLs he describes if you are troubleshooting...
  • IE7 Protected Mode GPOs

    I was recently asked if there is any way to disable protected mode in IE7 via GPO for a set of users. First off, I highly recommend against disabling protected mode. There are substantial security benefits gained by having it enabled. It would be far...
  • Run KMS on Server 2008, and which keys to use when activating Server 2008

    The documentation for volume activation 2.0 has been updated today for Server 2008.  You can find it here: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=75674 Running KMS on Server 2008 is functionally very similar to running it on Vista RTM.  You...
  • Inject PowerShell in to your offline Vista image

    The Windows Automated Installation Kit includes pkgmgr.exe to inject packages and drivers to offline images. "Packages" loosely means the updates that Microsoft releases, usually through Windows Update. I believe there are partner initiatives underway...
  • Hibernation DOES prompt for your BitLocker PIN

    I recently discovered that when you resume from hibernation, BitLocker will in fact ask you for your PIN. That's really good ! NASA published an article with the same findings. At the time the article was published the machine they tested didn't have...
  • How to bring back your stock Vista sidebar gadgets

    I long ago deleted the stock RSS gadget in Vista since I wasn't using it. Just the other day I decided I wanted it back for a special application. All is not lost. Those gadgets are stored in Program Files, presumably just to prevent people like me from...
  • VPN to your Vista machine

    This may not seem all that interesting at face value but there are a LOT of people in higher education who have workstations that use public IP's. There is a secure way to connect to your machine remotely. Here's how to setup your Windows Vista workstation to accept new incoming VPN connections. This was also available in Windows XP but you have to know where to look in Vista to enable it. Full how-to follows...
  • The magic re-imaging USB key

    By now you should have a basic understanding of windows imaging using .WIM technologies and ImageX. In the WAIK there is an update for Server 2003 to install WDS, Windows Deployment Services. Many customers in the past have simply staged Windows images...
  • Add PowerShell to the Hyper-V Server Menu Items

    Since Hyper-V Server has a reduced footprint, PowerShell is not enabled by default and so it would not make sense to have PowerShell listed by default on the Hyper-V Server Configuration menu.  For those who live by PowerShell and love the simplicity...
  • Link Layer Topology Discovery (LLTD) Responder for Windows XP

    When you open "Network" in Windows Vista you'll find you do see more machines than you did in XP, assuming other machines on your network are running Vista and are in the "Home" profile. That's due in part to the Link Layer Topology Discovery protocols...
  • How to build Server 2008 media that only contains Standard Edition

    In order to make installation and distribution a simpler process, the Server 2008 DVD available for download contains all four versions (Web, Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter) with both full and core installations available. Over the last two weeks I have received the same question from several Universities - is there any way to provide media that only contains Standard Edition? There are many educational institutions where a single entity on campus maintains licenses for many or all departments across campus and in order to prevent installation of the wrong version they would like to separate the installation media. To resolve this issue, I'll demonstrate how to create a DVD that only contains Standard Edition.
  • Using an Exchange mailbox just for the calendar?

    I recently had a discussion with Exchange administrators from a couple of major Universities to decide whether it would be possible for someone to use their Exchange mailbox in a "calendar only" capacity. The end user would like to maintain his or her...