Ramblings from another nerd on the grid
Next week is the general availability date for Windows Server 2008 SP1. It just so happens the 2/22 GA date is also National Margarita Day here in the US. I figured I’d better get this written and posted ahead of time. Just in case someone wants me to judge a contest or something. Grin.
For this install, I considered the various approaches someone might take to install R2 SP1 on the Lenovo ThinkPad W510. For instance, you might decide to remove the primary hard drive or SSD and insert a new drive for Windows Server. Swapping drives on the W510 is more of a hassle on the W510 than previous ThinkPad's because the bay is below the machine instead of on the side, like it should be.
With that in mind, I decided to install R2 using the “boot from VHD” method. The target of the install will be a single file on a high capacity drive in the W510 Ultrabay. In order to do that, you’ll need the Lenovo Serial ATA Hard Drive Bay Adapter III.
There are really three or four phases to the following instructions. The first set is prepping the environment for Windows Setup. The middle set is the install of R2 into the VHD file and what I would call the core driver installs. The last phase includes installing drivers and applications that are optional but nice to have.
Make sure to go to the Lenovo driver download area and download all of the drivers you’ll need. At a minimum you’ll need the driver for the Intel Ethernet nic in the W510. It requires a manual install. Once the OS is installed and running with the Ethernet nic, you can grab anything else you might want or overlooked.
Prepping the Install Environment
My W510 is configured with an Intel 160GB SSD in the primary drive bay, and a hard drive adaptor in the Ultrabay where the DVD normally goes. In the hard drive adaptor is a 500GB Hitachi Travelstar 7200rpm drive. This 500GB drive will most likely be replaced with their new 750GB drive soon. My R2 SP1 installation is going on the Hitachi drive via the magic of boot from VHD.
As you call see, I already have Windows 7 installed to a typical volume on the primary storage device (SSD), and an installation of R2. The Windows 7 install was from scratch last weekend and I used the Win7 Ent SP1 x64 integrated .ISO image. The R2 is an old install already present on the hard drive I added to the BCD store with a couple of simple command.
The R2 entry will eventually be deleted because there’s really no need to have two installations. I am showing the BCD entries for two reasons. First, you can clearly see the R2 path. Our new R2 SP1 path will be identical but with a different filename.
Second, if you don’t change the description you’ll have two entries with the same string after we are done. That gets a little confusing but it is easily fixed with the BCDEDIT /set command and some additional arguments to change the description.
Creating the VHD File for Storage
Installing R2 SP1 to the VHD File
Core Driver Installs
Assuming you followed my advice at the beginning of this article, you have all the needed drivers downloaded and available. If you look at the Lenovo Driver Downloads area for the ThinkPad W510, you’ll see there are 80 installation packages as of 2/19/2011. We are going to use about a third of that when it’s all said and done. If you are only doing the core drivers, we’ll use a lot less.
At this point you have installed all of what I would call the core drivers needed to effectively use Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 and Hyper-V with the Lenovo ThinkPad W510. However, you’ll notice in device manager there are still quite a few banged out drivers. This next section installs many of the remaining drivers.
Installing Optional Drivers for Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1
Done! Well, almost. If you look at the device list in Device Manager, you’ll see the PCI Simple communication controller and Bluetooth still banged out. You can install the Intel AMT driver from 6ir120ww if you just can’t stand it. If you do, you can go to the Control Panel | Programs and Features area and remove the Intel AMT programs and services. It will leave the driver in place but remove the overhead of the AMT services.
I don’t know anyone who has ever managed to get Bluetooth working in Windows Server 2008 so I just ignore it. I use a wired mouse connected to a KVM switch in my home office, and the Microsoft Wireless Mobile Mouse 6000 for my travels (or couch).
If you want to make Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 look pretty, you can set the Themes service to automatic and turn on Aero Glass support. Enjoy!
I have the Lenovo W510 and I want to know your thoughts on their touchpad (little bumps) -- I tend to sometimes use this and it seems awfully flaky --- do you tend to just use the mouse via your KVM or a wireless mouse?
Also, how does the color sensor work - have you gotten that to work?
BTW - the NVIDIA driver and FHD display are unbelievably clear, but a little glossy.
Nice write up as I have been able to resolve some issues I have been having.
System Center Spartan
I rarely use the touchpad except when traveling. Even then in hotel rooms, meeting rooms, etc. I nearly always use the Microsoft Wireless Mobile Mouse 6000 because it's transceiver is the "nano" style and super small.
Home office is 100% KVM. Couch is 100% wireless mobile mouse. On my KVM, I use a Sidewinder X4 wired keyboard and the Sidewinder X3 mouse.
As for the color sensor, you need the Xrite software. See
www-307.ibm.com/.../document.do. I haven't tested it in nearly a year because my W510 doesn't have the sensor. It isn't standard on the Microsoft internal corp standards.
Wow - that was a fast reply. Kudos to you for that quick of a response.
I am not a fan of the touchpad.
Thanks for the link on the Xrite software --- I'll test it out and let you know if you want.
thx for the guide, very helpful
i got same problem with the wifi and server 2008 r2 sp1
its always appear in red X on the wifi icon on the task-bar
i did try many drivers and i cant figure out what the problem