Ramblings from another nerd on the grid
My first impressions of the Dell XPS 420 can be summed up in one word, "Solid !" I've only completed a couple of phases in my new machines metamorphosis, but so far I'm pretty impressed with the machine and it's future. So let's dive into what it was like when I received it, and the road we're on.
What is the goal?
When I purchased the machine Sunday, I had a couple of goals. First and foremost, it's a video editing workstation. I wanted a Quad core machine that could handle intense high definition and standard definition encoding, decoding and transcoding. Second, I figured if I held out long enough, the Windows Vista market would mature and I could add premium high definition television recording. TiVo is still handling the bulk of those duties at the moment.
The box arrived via Fedex in a light rain. I'm glad it wasn't a heavy rain because the hand holds are open into the box. There was no water damage. Inside the box was the typical foam enclosure and a special XPS branded pack of goodies including a mouse pad, wire ties, wiping cloth, binder for disks, etc. Nice job Dell.
Since I already have an array of LCD panels, I didn't order one with the unit. If you can afford the Dell 24" widescreen LCD, get one. I love mine. I also have a 20" 4:3 aspect ratio LCD sitting right next to the 24" in a multimon configuration. This gives you a ton of viewing options for the various applications and media you might view. The 24" is running 1920x1200 and the 20" is running 1600x1200. I use a KVM switch with these two monitors for the machines I own and use for work.
The XPS 420 computer is a medium to large size case. There's easy access into the unit and it is designed to hold up to three hard drives, one or more DVD drives, media readers, etc. I ordered my Dell with the cheapest hard drive they offer knowing I will be immediately replacing the drives through other sources to cut costs. I also ordered it with the standard 3GB of memory. The main two hard drive bays are quick access requiring no screws. There is power routed to both bays. If you order like I did but plan to add another drive, make sure you buy a SATA cable with the right angle end. A standard SATA cable will protrude too much and prevent case closure. I already knew that and had a cable in my drawer already.
The machine is very quiet. There is plenty of ventilation through the case and it will be easily vacuumed when it's time to get rid of some of the dust. The case itself is pretty attractive with the piano black front and silver sides. There are lots of USB ports front and rear, IEEE 1394 front and rear, GigE ethernet on the back, and an eSATA port on the back. I see a future for that port.
The XPS 420 comes with a Sideshow LCD panel on the front top. I haven't decided what if anything I'll use it for, but you can add all sort of Vista Sideshow gadgets and have it display stuff like the weather, number of unread inbox messages, stock ticker, etc. It'll be fun to play with that later but it's a back burner item for now.
I fired the machine up and took a look around but that was pretty short lived. I installed Ghost 12 and made an image of the factory install then pulled the 320GB drive out of the box. I installed a 1TB drive for the OS and applications, then another 500GB drive for additional data capacity. Although the XPS 420 comes with RAID on the motherboard, I am currently not using RAID 0 or 1. I do frequent backups so I really don't need the data protection, and I don't have an I/O bottleneck at the moment that would require building a volume with more than one drive.
The machine configuration I ordered comes with two ATI Digital Cable tuners. I'm not particularly impressed with the tuners because I think their design and stands are too big and clunky looking. They are external tuners and connect to the XPS 420 via USB. Good thing the XPS 420 has lots of USB ports. The tuner cases are designed to let the heat dissipate. I have both of my tuners hidden behind one of my LCD panels. Easy access to them, but out of eye sight. They are ugly (to me).
Although Dell lets you deselect a bunch of software normally referred to as "crapware" in our industry, this machine comes with an impressive set of software. Now don't get me wrong, there's stuff installed I would uninstall like the Google Desktop, but all in all it wasn't totally hosed by a bunch of crud. One of the suites you cannot deselect on the ordering site is Adobe Elements Studio. This includes Adobe Premiere Elements 4, Adobe Photoshop Elements 6 and Adobe Soundbooth.
I've been using Premier Elements for a while and like it. I have never used Photoshop before but it's time to learn considering we dropped development and sales of the Digital Image Studio product family. I've also never used the Soundbooth product, but if it works well, I know we can put it to use. Dell supplies the product disk and serial numbers for the Adobe Elements Studio products in case you want to reinstall.
The Operating System (OS) and HD Television
Dell ships the XPS 420 with a number of OS choices. Unfortunately none of the ordering configurations had what I want. So when the tough get going, the tough flatten the box and re-install from scratch. I considered running Windows Vista Home Premium, the 32bit version that the XPS 420 shipped with, for at least five minutes. But I decided to roll the dice and install Windows Vista Ultimate x64. I was a little worried about it for one reason and one reason alone.
The XPS 420 can be configured to support high definition recording. Not just any high definition recording, premium cable high definition recording. This is called OCUR and it's a Cable Labs certified and approved configuration that is required. The BIOS used by OCUR machines is special. So is the activation process. As it turns out, it was pretty easy to switch to the x64 OS and config. You just install a retail copy of Windows Vista Ultimate x64. When you fire up the Media Center shell and go through the TV tuner configuration, you will be prompted for a special product key. That key is on the COA sticker on the back of the XPS 420. After you plug it in, the tuners are activated. In reality, this sets up the PKI key sets used for the DRM required to be in place for OCUR systems.
After activating the tuners in the Media Center shell, it was a simple manner of downloading the guide and watching the standard definition channels. Verizon is coming by on Tuesday to deliver the CableCards that plug into the tuners. After those are in place and properly paired to the Verizon FIOS TV system, I'll be able to view all of the channels I pay for and record any content. In the meantime, there's a menu item under the TV setup area that lets you scan for "other TV services". This scan will detect any unencrypted QAM channels and add them to the guide listings. Most cable systems carry ABC, CBS, FOX, NBC, PBS and others "in the clear". My scan found those channels so I mapped them to the appropriate channel for my area thus replacing the crappy standard def signal with the unencrypted QAM HD version. Nice. The machine plays high definition absolutely smoothly and fluidly. It should. The little screenshot at right shows me watching ABC in HD while directly connected to my Exchange Server mailbox (non cached mode) and surfing the net with IE7. It's not even batting an eye.
There has been a lot of discussion in the industry about Windows Vista, it's performance and usability. The Dell XPS 420 really makes Windows Vista shine. I ordered mine with the Intel Quad Core Q6600 processor, 3GB of memory (2x1GB and 2x512MB), 320GB 7200rpm SATA drive and the NVIDIA 8600 GTS video card. This is far from being a top of the line machine but it's still a very respectable platform. Like you, I have a budget so I didn't order the Extreme Quad processor, a RAID array, etc.
From what I can tell of the performance so far, it's going to meet my needs nicely. I'll know by the time the weekend is over. I plan to do some transcoding and video work tomorrow. When I decide to pull the 3GB of memory and bump it up, I will probably load it with 8GB of 800MHz RAM. That will improve the overall platform some and give the applications plenty of headroom while watching HD programming.
If you are a serious gamer, look closely at the graphics card and power supply options. I decided the 8600 GTS would meet my needs, cut down on power consumption, and lower the heat generated. So far it seems to be the right choice for the roles my machine will play. If you are a serious gamer, I'm not sure the other 475W power supply would meet your needs. Then again, that's why Dell makes the XPS 720 and purchased Alienware.
Like I said, this seems to be a very solid machine. If you can find one for $1500 delivered to your door, you should jump all over it. The case and construction offers a lot of flexibility and expandability. Ask me in 3-4 years how I like the machine. I hope to have this one that long. I'll write more about this later after the CableCard install. Buy with confidence. I am changing my rating to buy with some caveats. See the 12/29 update below.
[UPDATE for 12/21/2007] The CableCard install happened Tuesday without issue and I can see all of the FIOS TV channels in the guide. I can watch and record the HD channels. However, I have had a number of recording failures when the machine resumed from sleep. I am trying to spot a pattern so I am testing various sleep states (S1 and S3). More later...
[UPDATE for 12/22/2007] I updated the tuner firmware to the latest available production firmware from ATI. I also applied the Windows Vista updates that were recommended in the firmware release notes. This did not resolve the sleep/wakeup and record issues I'm seeing. In fact, it made it worse. Fortunately this isn't the core mission of my machine otherwise I'd be upset.
ATI Firmware updates:
[UPDATE for 12/27/2007] I have been running my machine for the past five days without letting it sleep. It has recorded each and every program without issue on a variety of HD channels I receive with my Verizon FIOS TV package. In fact, extender Xbox 360 HD playback has also been flawless. I am researching the power states supported by the machine and will experiment with sleep again before too long. I wanted to establish a baseline to verify the tuners are really working properly when fully powered and connected at all times. I'd say 5 days and 500GB of recorded HD content has done that.
[UPDATE for 12/29/2007] It appears I have the suspend/resume issue resolved with my XPS 420 when recording high def premium channels. I have a bunch of programs set to record over the next few days so I'll document my config and post a completely separate post on the subject Wednesday or Thursday of next week (assuming we can declare success). Spoke to soon... the machine missed a recording this morning so this issue is not fixed... sigh...
I also seem to have identified a bug in the eSATA port implementation. In order to use the eSATA port, the Intel ICH9R SATA RAID controller must be in AHCI mode. My eSATA port didn't work with the factory config they shipped me (x86 Vista Home Premium). I checked this morning since I still had the factory hard drive in original install state. I reset the BIOS to factory settings and checked things there, too. I'm assuming if you buy a machine directly from Dell with a RAID config implemented (two or more drives), that the RAID and eSATA port works. However, that's a x86 32bit implementation. I'd be interested to know the drivers and versions implemented on that configuration. Send me email if you have it. Dell is aware of this issue and looking into it.
[UPDATE for 1/11/2008] I have rebuilt my machine from the ground up. I am still on BIOS A02 and have the SATA controller in RAID AHCI mode. My eSATA port is working properly. In order for me to do this, I had to reinstall the operating system again, which is unfortunate. I could not figure out how to get it to work any other way even though I received feedback inside and outside Microsoft. I do not recommend doing this. If you reinstall the OS more than one time, you'll likely break the OCUR HD recording capability if you have the ATI digital cable tuners. I recommend you wait for Dell to come up with a supported solution from their engineering team. They may end up fixing this will a BIOS update or something. I certainly hope so.
At this point the only remaining problem I have with my machine is sleep/resume/record/sleep. I was sent a list of KB articles and their associated fixes. I will look more carefully at this over the weekend as time permits. I can certainly live without this working correctly but I would prefer to get it fixed.
So where do I stand on my buy recommendation? I still think this is a super machine. Dell is very aware of the AHCI RAID issue, sleep/resume and other minor issues. If you don't need to attach a big freaking hard drive or cluster of hard drives to the XPS 420, then buy with confidence. If you need the eSATA port and you buy a machine today, most likely the machine will arrive properly configured and this issue is effectively only valid for people that purchased prior to today. They can be fixed a number of ways right now but obviously a reinstall of the OS would be a last resort.
[UPDATE for 5/8/2008] See http://blogs.technet.com/keithcombs/archive/2008/05/08/dell-xps-420-six-month-report.aspx for my six month report card.
Probably TMI for everyone but thought I'd shoot a link for a pretty good deal on an HDMI cable of 15 feet. I am not a fan of overrated, over marketed HDMI cable. I have more than my share of models but here is the link.
After having my CableCards activated I am now receiving a Restricted Content message in MC that reads - restrictions set by the broadcaster or originator of the content prohibit playback of the program on this computer.
Did you experince this? With the CableCard in I can't view anything. Take it out and I can get SD and over the air HD without a problem.
Cable company insists that everything is a go on their side. Monitor and Video Card are both HDCP compliant.
About the most I could find while researching this issue is a possible issue with DRM. Any thoughts you may have would be appreciated.
What monitor are you using and how is it connected? Which video card are we talking about?
Since you mentioned OTA HD, how are you receiving that? Another tuner card, HDHomeRun or what?
Sam, sorry I forgot to reply abput Directv. It's my understanding recording HD content from Media Center is still not possible. I hear Directv is working on a solution, but I do not have an ETA.
The XPS 420 Dell shipped to ZDNET for their Review had a Remote....
"The Dell's price also includes a fancy, $70 LCD-equipped (non-SideShow) remote control"
The monitor I'm using is a Dell 2407WFP-HC (Digital) and the video card is an NVIDIA GeForce 8800 GT. Without the CableCard inserted I can view SD and a few OTA HD signals via a standard coaxial homerun cable connected to the ATI TV Tuner.
One thing I did notice on the Tuner Diagnostics available in MC is that when I click on the Signal radio button the Physical Channel says Unavailable and the Carrier and PCR Lock say Locked. However, the cable company says they have correclty activated the card.
Sorry, the monitor is connected via a DVI cable. Per Dell Support I ran the SFC /Scannow
utility and it reported the following...
Verification 99% complete.Windows Resource Protection found corrupt files but wa
s unable to fix some of them.
Details are included in the CBS.Log windir\Logs\CBS\CBS.log. For example
The problem is I don't know how to correct the corrupted files that were not corrected, I also don't know how they would be corrupt on a brand new machine. I tried opening the log file but got an access denied message.
Can we order extra tuners on Dell's site after the purchase of the system? I know there are hacks to enable more than two tuners but can't find part #'s on Dell to order more.
BMac, My physical channel says the same thing and it is working. Did this ever work when the cable installer came?
If I were you, I'd try a couple things. First, I would change the connection to your monitor to be VGA instead of DVI. Most likely you have a DVI->VGA adaptor from one of your video cards. If that works, then it narrows the problem to two things (the monitor or DVI cable). If the VGA dongle works, I would try a different DVI cable. If that fails, then it sounds like the issue is with the monitor and how it reports itself to the OS.
Brian, You can always call Dell and see. I doubt it, but you never know. If they do sell them for a good price, let us know. Sony sells the tuners individually on their site at http://www.sonystyle.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10551&storeId=10151&langId=-1&productId=8198552921665246461 for a measley $300 each.
Thanks Andrew (on the remote comment). I'll follow-up with Dell customer service. Looks like a nice remote. Better than the old clunker I have.
No, once the Cable Tech got the pairings he left. At the time MC was in the process of downloading the Guide info. Once that finished is when I started getting the Restricted Content. I called the Cable Company back and they resent the Hit and Init commands and verified the pairings again. I was able to see the commands through the Trace on the ATI's web page.
I did try with a differnt DVI cable and a different monitor with a VGA connection. No change.
On the ATI TV Tuner's web page on the DRM tab I have the following settings...
Channel Format - Analog
Program Number - 1
Encryption Status - 1
Is that what you have?
It sounds to me like the Media Center Shell is not OCUR activated. My DRM page values are Digital, a number, and yes for encryption status.
What happened when you went through TV Settings, TV Signal, Setup TV Signal and select Configure my TV signal automatically?
Did it get to the point were it detects Digital Cable, then a couple of wizard pages later to should ask you if you want to activate your cable card. Have you ever been asked that? When asked, you will need to supply the Digital Cable product key located on the Certificate of Authenticity (COA). That COA is on the back bottom left corner of my machine.
The activation process can be performed before the CableCard pairing process so I presume it can be done again. CableCard pairing seems to me unrelated to digital cable activation, but I don't know for sure.
FYI, I have the Microsoft Digital Cable Installation Guide, the Troubleshooting Guide and a video on the subject I'll likely post very soon. It looks like the guides are designed for cable installers, not the general public but I see nothing that seems Microsoft Confidential about the information. I have requested permission to post part or all of the stuff I have. That should be very helpful if I get permission.
It appears to go through OK. It finds my Digital Signal and CableCard but it has never prompted me to enter the COA. It asks if I want to use the CableCard, I say yes, it shows the Host, Data, etc., but never prompts me to enter the number. Is there a way to force it to prompt for the COA?
The very first time I tried to do the configuration I received a message with regards to my machine not being cable ready. On Dell's support website I found a case on this. The solution was to use the COA # and change the Window's Activation Product Key with this number. I did this, received a success message, and then I was able to go through the MC wizards without any issues. I wonder if this is the problem?
One other thing Bmac, can you supply the exact message you receive when you tune to a HD channel that you know is in your authorized package? Keep in mind the guide listings will generally include every channel the cable provider sells.
In my case, I don't get a couple of tiers but those channels still show in the guide unless I manually remove them. I'm just making sure you are testing with channels you pay for.