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In Exchange 2003 Service Pack 2 (SP2), you used the Synchronize Hierarchy command to synchronize the public folder hierarchy on an Exchange 2003 server with the other servers in your organization.
In the ESM you would right click on the Public Folders container and choose “Synchronize Hierarchy”.
Exchange 2007 uses the Update-PublicFolderHierarchy cmdlet to synchronize the public folder hierarchy.
Performing this procedure only allows the Exchange server to begin any outstanding replication actions. The process may take several hours to complete. Because factors not controlled by replication can prevent the hierarchy from becoming immediately synchronized, performing this procedure does not ensure that the public folder hierarchy will be completely synchronized.
This procedure only updates the public folder hierarchy. It does not update public folder content.
To do this from the GUI, in the EMC, open the Public Folder Management Console from the Toolbox:
Once that is open, right click on Public Folders and choose “Update Hierarchy”
Optionally, you can do this from the EMS. Update-PublicFolderHierarchy -Server <ServerIdParameter>
Next: Part 3 – Stop or stop Public Folder replication in 2003 vs. 2007