The Storage Team Blog about file services and storage features in Windows and Windows Server.
I’ve seen numerous newsgroup customers report that they can’t restore files from a file-based backup. In this post I cover two common problems, their causes, and how to solve them.
Ever get to this screen and wonder what to do? At first (or half) glance, you might think your backup is empty. Never fear! You just need to click one of the buttons—Add files, Add folders, or Search—to locate files and folders you want to restore. You won’t see a big tree of folders with check boxes. Instead, you browse using Windows Explorer to navigate the files and folders in the backup. Need to restore multiple files? You can press and hold the Ctrl key to select them. Not sure where a particular file is in your backup? Just use the Search button.
“I inserted my backup DVD but I keep getting an error that no backup was found!”
I see this complaint a lot, usually from customers who know the backup is there because they can see the backup folder on the disk or DVD. Why doesn’t the Restore Files program find the backup? One of these reasons is usually the culprit:
When a backup spans multiple DVDs, you have to insert the very last DVD you burned during your backup. This seems counterintuitive, doesn’t it? You have to insert the final, not first, DVD because that’s where the catalogs are stored. The catalogs aren’t on the first DVD because all files must be backed up first before the catalogs can be created. In other words, since catalog creation is the last step in the backup process, the catalogs go on the last DVD.
When a backup is created on a volume on a hard disk, a file called mediaid.bin is added to the root of the volume. Your backup folder is there as well. If you move your backup folder but forget to move the mediaid.bin file, Windows Vista won’t recognize your backup. Our advice is to not move backups, and if you do, be sure to copy the mediaid.bin file.
This restore problem is often encountered by customers who do a full backup prior to reformatting their hard drive and reinstalling Windows Vista (either by installing from DVD or by restoring an image of Windows Vista created by Complete PC Backup). The restore fails here because Backup does not consider the newly installed computer to be the same computer where the backup was made. The solution is to start the restore again using the Advanced restore option and then select Files from a backup made on a different computer.
Customers who use the Ultimate or Business editions of Windows Vista have two buttons for creating backups: Back up files and Back up computer, like so:
Back up files creates a file-based backup, and Back up computer creates an image-based backup. These buttons, which launch separate programs, have their own restore counterparts: Restore files and Restore computer.
I often see customers try to use the Restore files button to restore files from a backup made using the Back up computer button. The two programs that make these backups, File Backup and Complete PC Backup, cannot restore from each others’ backups. You have to use the correct button, either Restore files or Restore computer, to perform your restore. (Note that Restore Computer is only actually performed once the computer is booted to Windows Recovery Environment. Clicking Restore Computer only gives instructions on how to get to Windows RE.)
If you’re not sure which program you used to create the backup, you can find out by looking at the name of the folder where your backup is saved:
· File backups are stored in a folder with the same name as your computer.
· Image-based backups are stored in a folder named WindowsImageBackup.
Thanks for the information, can you address this problem?
After a warranty repaired Vista pc is shipped back, it is factory imaged, and the backup directory (complete with mediaid.bin file) is copied to the desktop of the returned pc, Vista's recovery wizard still won't recognize the file as a backup.
Interestingly, it does recognize it on the network shared drive where it was stored originally.
And what should one do about the permissions? The new pc has the same name and same user account name, but still throws up a security error and one is forced to restore without the permissions...is this a guid problem? What can one do?
So far I'm unimpressed--backup and restore must be easy if people are to be expected to use them. PC's are just reliable enough to let it slip for a few years, and then....BAM...
Right now I'm using Mozy.com online backup for my XP pc's. This Vista I should have done the same before sending back for repair but thought I would try the built-in backup. Now I regret it!