Bruce Adamczak

I have spent years working in perfmon, so I thought I would share some tips and tricks on the tool!

Windows 2012 Core Survival Guide – Event Logs

Windows 2012 Core Survival Guide – Event Logs

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 Learn about my 2012 Core Survival Guide here.

This blog looks at how to manage event logs.  The key to using PowerShell to manage any event log is to know the exact spelling of the event log you wish to manager.

How to view a list of event logs

To get a list of the event logs I will use the Get-Eventlog cmdlet.  This is one of those cmdlet where piping it to formant-list does not really change the output.   So I left it off.

PowerShell Command:

Get-Eventlog -list

The output below displays a list of event logs active on this computer.

 

How to view events in an event log

Because event logs hold many events, it does not make sense to simply list all the event in the log.  Below are several different ways to view parts of the event log.

Viewing events for the last hour

PowerShell Command:

Get-eventlog system -after (get-date).addhours(-1)

 

The output below shows the last hour of events in the System Log.  You can replace "System" for any of the other event logs.  You can also modify the value in ".addhours" to have a larger value like "(-12)" for the last 12 hours.

 

Viewing events by event type

This command only shows the error events for the last hour.

PowerShell Command:

Get-eventlog system -after (get-date).addhours(-1) | Where entrytype -eq Error

 In the command above you can replace "Error" with "Information" or "Warning"

 

Viewing events by event source

This command show you only the events for the source of "NETLOGON"

PowerShell Command:

Get-eventlog system -after (get-date).addhours(-1) | Where Source -eq NetLogon

You can replace "NETLOGON" with the name of any source:  for example "volmgr".

 

Viewing events by event index

Once you have narrowed down the event you wish to review, take note of the index number.  You can display all of the details of that event based on the index number.

PowerShell Command:

Get-Eventlog System | where index -eq 5630 | format-list *

 

How to export event log to an CSV file

It is often easier to review events by viewing them in a tool like notepad.  You can export any event log to a text file.

PowerShell Command:

Get-eventlog system | export-csv -path system.csv

The output below shows that the event log was written to system.csv (opened in Notepad).  Excel will be the better tool for reviewing the data.

 

How to clear event log

PowerShell Command:

Clear-Eventlog "Windows PowerShell" -clear

In the output below, notice the number of entries for the Windows PowerShell log is 392.  After the Clear-Eventlog cmdlet has been run the number of entries is zero.

 

I hope you found this useful.  Please leave me a comment.  Let me know if there are any core tasks you would like me to cover.

Bruce

 

Comments
  • It was truly helpful

  • Or if you can connect with Windows computer that has network access to the server and use eventvwr console to connect.

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